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Sustainable Growth Rate (SGR) Definition

What Is the Sustainable Excrescence Rate (SGR)?

The sustainable growth rate (SGR) is the maximum rate of growth that a company or social enterprise can sustain without have on the agenda c trick to finance growth with additional equity or debt. In other words, it is the rate at which the company can grow while avail oneself ofing its own internal revenue without borrowing from outside sources. The SGR involves maximizing sales and revenue growth without bourgeoning financial leverage. Achieving the SGR can help a company prevent being over-leveraged and avoid financial distress.

Sustainable Lump Rate



Return on Equity




Dividend Payout Ratio


text{SGR}=text{Return on Equity}times(1-text{Dividend Payout Proportion})

SGR=Return on Equity×(1Dividend Payout Ratio)

First, obtain or calculate the return on equity (ROE) of the company. ROE measures the profitability of a concern by comparing net income to the company’s shareholders’ equity.

Then, subtract the company’s dividend payout ratio from 1. The dividend payout correspondence is the percentage of earnings per share paid to shareholders as dividends. Finally, multiply the difference by the ROE of the company.

Key Takeaways

  • The sustainable lump rate (SGR) is the maximum rate of growth that a company can sustain without having to finance growth with additional even-handedness or debt.
  • Companies with high SGRs are usually effective in maximizing their sales efforts, focusing on high-margin produces, and managing inventory, accounts payable, and accounts receivable.
  • A high SGR in the long-term can prove difficult for companies due to competition entering the call, changes in economic conditions, and increased research and development.
  • The SGR is used by businesses to plan long-term growth, capital purchases, cash flow projections, and borrowing strategies.
  • Companies looking to grow at a more substantial rate could cut their dividends, but this is a contentious maneuver.

Know-how Sustainable Growth Rates

The SGR of a company can help identify whether it’s managing day-to-day operations properly, including punishing its bills and getting paid on time. The rate is a long-term rate and is used to determine what stage a company is in. Control accounts payable needs to be managed in a timely manner to keep cash flow running smoothly.

For a company to serve above its SGR, it would need to maximize sales efforts and focus on high-margin products and services. Also, inventory executives is important and management must have an understanding of the ongoing inventory needed to match and sustain the company’s sales unvarying.

Managing Accounts Receivable

Managing the collection of accounts receivable is also critical to maintaining cash flow and profit lines. Accounts receivable represents money owed by customers to the company. The longer it takes a company to collect its receivables aids to a higher likelihood that it might have cash flow shortfalls and struggle to fund its operations properly. As a follow-up, the company would need to incur additional debt or equity to make up for this cash flow shortfall. Associates with low SGR might not be managing their payables and receivables effectively.

High Sustainable Growth Rates

Sustaining a ripe SGR in the long term can prove difficult for most companies. As revenue increases, a company tends to reach a sales saturation with respect to make an effort to with its products. As a result, to maintain the growth rate, companies need to expand into new or other products, which clout have lower profit margins. The lower margins could decrease profitability, strain financial resources, and potentially distance to a need for new financing to sustain growth. On the other hand, companies that fail to attain their SGR are at risk of stagnation.

The SGR reckoning assumes that a company wants to maintain a target capital structure of debt and equity, maintain a static dividend payout correspondence, and accelerate sales as quickly as the organization allows.

There are cases when a company’s growth becomes greater than what it can self-fund. In these at all events, the firm must devise a financial strategy that raises the capital needed to fund its rapid growth. The band can issue equity, increase financial leverage through debt, reduce dividend payouts, or increase profit boundary lines by maximizing the efficiency of its revenue. All of these factors can increase the company’s SGR.

The SGR of a company can also be used by lenders to determine whether the callers is likely to be able to pay back its loans.

Sustainable Growth Rate vs. PEG Ratio

The price-to-earnings-growth ratio (PEG ratio) is a stock’s price-to-earnings (P/E) correspondence divided by the growth rate of its earnings for a specified time period. The PEG ratio is used to determine a stock’s value while captivating the company’s earnings growth into account. The PEG ratio is said to provide a more complete picture than the P/E correspondence.

The SGR involves the growth rate of a company without taking into account the company’s stock price while the PEG correspondence calculates growth as it relates to the stock price. As a result, the SGR is a metric that evaluates the viability of growth as it relates to its indebtedness and equity. The PEG ratio is a valuation metric used to determine if the stock price is undervalued or overvalued.

Limitations of Using the SGR

Executing the SGR is every company’s goal, but some headwinds can stop a business from growing and achieving its SGR.

Consumer trends and money-making conditions can help a business achieve its sustainable growth or cause the firm to miss it completely. Consumers with less plastic income are traditionally more conservative with spending, making them discriminating buyers. Companies compete for the dealing of these customers by slashing prices and potentially hindering growth. Companies also invest money into new result development to try to maintain existing customers and grow market share, which can cut into a company’s ability to grow and accomplish its SGR.

A company’s forecasting and business planning can detract from its ability to achieve sustainable growth in the long-term. Companies every once in a while confuse their growth strategy with growth capability and miscalculate their optimal SGR. If long-term planning is lousy, a company might achieve high growth in the short-term but won’t sustain it in the long-term.

In the long-term, companies need to reinvest in themselves to the purchase of fixed assets, which are property, plant, and equipment (PP&E). As a result, the company may need financing to fund its long-term intumescence through investment.

Capital-intensive industries like oil and gas need to use a combination of debt and equity financing in order to keep functioning since their equipment such as oil drilling machines and oil rigs are so expensive.

It’s important to compare a company’s SGR with correspond to companies in its industry to achieve a fair comparison and meaningful benchmark.

Why Is Sustainable Growth Rate Important?

Sustainable extension rate is an important measurement because it gives a company an accurate picture of expansion and equity requirements. Not all companies privation to take on additional partners or outside financing, so the SGR allows the company to “toe the line” when it comes to growth using their own profits and capital.

How Do You Calculate Sustainable Growth Rate?

You calculate the sustainable growth rate by taking the company’s return on tolerance times the result of 1 minus the dividend payout ratio. Another way to calculate it is to multiply the retention rate by the return on neutrality. The retention rate represents the percentage of earnings that the company has not paid out in dividends. It is the same formula, worded differently.

How Can a Retinue Increase Growth?

A company has many different ways to increase growth. A CEO could give a keynote speech that drives fellows. The company could do a product rollout designed to maximize sales, or a company could increase growth by cutting expenses such as dividends or unprofitable divisions.

The Bottom Line

Companies need to stay on top of their growth rates, so the SGR is something that is premeditated regularly. There may be a point where the rate is sustained at an elevated level but that stretches the company thin and may dip too far into their lolly reserves. At this point, companies will typically consider outside financing.

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