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Chartered Business Valuator (CBV) Definition

What Is a Chartered Proprietorship Valuator (CBV)?

A Chartered Business Valuator (CBV) is a professional designation for business valuation specialists in Canada. It is offered by the CBV Institute (at one time the Canadian Institute of Chartered Business Valuators (CICBV)).

The CBV Institute is a nonprofit valuation professional organization that stations the practice standards, educational requirements, and ethical guidelines for its members. It was founded in 1971 by 28 valuation professionals below the leadership of George Ovens. The founding of the CBV Institute was prompted by the introduction of taxation of capital gains in Canada.

Key Takeaways

  • A Compact Business Valuator (CBV) is a professional designation for business valuation specialists in Canada.
  • Charted Business Valuator (CBV) is offered by the CBV Organization (formerly the Canadian Institute of Chartered Business Valuators (CICBV)).
  • Business valuation refers to the process of determining the pecuniary value of a whole business or company unit.
  • Business valuation specialists quantify the value of a business, its securities, or its elusive assets.
  • Business valuation specialists produce a detailed report that can be used in a business sale, litigation things, divorce proceedings, or in establishing partner ownership.

Business valuation refers to the process of determining the economic value of a unhurt business or company unit. The role of a business valuation specialist is to determine the economic value of a business or company. They quantify the value of a transaction, its securities, or its intangible assets. Business valuation specialists produce a detailed report that can be used in a business on the block, litigation matters, divorce proceedings, or in establishing partner ownership.

Understanding a Chartered Business Valuator (CBV)

Business valuation professionals with a CBV designation have been trained to value both private and public firms. They do this by quantifying the dense’s profitability, its tangible and intangible assets, and its future cash flows. While professionals with CBV designations may use a variety of methodologies to get somewhere at a conclusion, they are expected to explain their approach, methodology, and conclusions in an easy-to-understand manner.

CBV professionals may elect to use a cost-based propose to, a discounted cash flow (intrinsic value) approach, or a market-based (relative value) approach. With a cost-based proposals, the cost to build and the replacement cost are taken into account. With a discounted cash flow (intrinsic value) make advances, public company comparables and precedent transactions are used. Finally, with the market-based (relative value) approach, future hard cash flows are forecasted.

A CBV may engage with a business as an independent expert or in an advisory role. CBVs are often engaged to fashion alongside lawyers, accountants, and tax specialists.

When CBV professionals are working in the context of litigation, they are tasked with quantifying the ruins or losses arising in a legal dispute. Oftentimes, legal disputes require there to be quantified data that proves there was damage, loss, and/or fraudulent actions committed by a company. In these cases, the expert testimony and processes of CBV masters are widely recognized and valued in litigation proceedings. Here are some examples of litigation situations where a CBV professional may be affianced:

  • Breach of contract
  • Loss of profits
  • Business interruption
  • Personal injury
  • Expropriation
  • Shareholder disputes
  • Matrimonial discords

Here are some non-litigation situations where the services of a CBV professional may be necessary:

  • Income tax matters
  • Estate planning and corporate reorganizations
  • Fusings, acquisitions, and divestitures
  • Management buy-outs
  • Financial reporting (IFRS and ASPE)
  • Unanimous shareholder agreements (USA)
  • Employee appropriation ownership plans (ESOP)

Since the introduction of fair value accounting standards for valuing securities—such as FASB Accounting Ensigns Code topic 820 (Fair Value Measurements)—valuation as a specialized finance profession has grown.

Training for Licenced Business Valuators (CBV)

To become a Chartered Business Valuator in Canada, candidates must first have a post-secondary order, or CMA, CA, CGA, or CFA designation. Candidates for the designation must complete six courses total: four core courses that cover function and securities valuation, along with a law and taxation course and a list of electives that can be chosen by the candidate to round out their indubitably line-up.

Candidates will study Canadian taxation and law, take courses in assisting with litigation and legal implications, and study the appropriate strategies for successful business valuation. They are also required to accumulate a certain number of hours of duty and securities valuation practical work experience and receive a passing grade on the membership entrance exam. The coursework is purpose to take two years, although candidates can take as many courses at a time as they wish to.

After receiving the designation, all CBVs are ethical for keeping up-to-date on all practices, rules, laws, and responsibilities that are relevant for their role. This may entail chronicling in regular and ongoing training throughout their career.

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