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Pandemic-induced options trading craze shows no signs of slowing down

Saleswomen work on the floor of the NYSE in New York.

NYSE

Options trading is the new sports betting.

Talk about unintended consequences.

The stay-at-home prerequisite created by Covid-19 has spawned a huge sub-industry in options trading in tandem with an increase in equities trading that displays no signs of letting up.  

Trading in equity options hit new highs in November, continuing a trend that began earlier in the year.

Fair-mindedness option trading is 50% above last year’s levels year to date on all the options platforms.

Equity way outs (volume)

  • Nasdaq  49%
  • CBOE    51%
  • ICE         58%

Source:  Piper Sandler

“The public is embracing options in a truly unprecedented manner, as you can see from the sum totals,” Steve Sosnick from Interactive Brokers told me. “I attribute some of the popularity to the lockdown … People were placed at home, many with $1,200 checks or rent/loan moratoria and no sports to watch or bet on.  So they went to the routine market, then realized that options have similar payoff structures to sports bets.”

That analogy to sports stake is deliberate: “The psychology [of sports betting versus betting on stocks] is very similar. With sports gambling, I be notable to make some percentage of the money.  It’s the same thing with stocks and options, but with stocks and options there is thousands of wagers you can make every day, and when you are in an up market like we have been experiencing, you can come to believe that the odds genuinely are in your favor.”

Kyle Robinson, who tracks trading activity at Piper Sandler, noted that much of the truck activity has occurred in out-of-the-money options that are approaching expiration, with much of it day trading: buying in the morning, and make an impression on out in the afternoon.

Why that type of activity? “They are trading options because many don’t have the money to buy a lot of the stocks,” he delineated me. “You can buy options for a fraction of the price, and if you have options that move the same percent as the underlying stock, you can make moolah as if you owned the stock.”

Sosnick noted that, far from acting irrationally, many day traders are correct to target opportunities trading.

“How else are you going to buy an Amazon or a Tesla? Buying options makes some sense for people who want to participate in those kinds of followings.”

Buying out of the money calls, he noted, have a limited outlay, so you can only lose what you put in.  “You buy a call for a dollar, you can at most lose a dollar.” As for why many are doing simple day trading, in during the morning and out by the close, Sosnick speculated that, “They may be unsatisfactorily capitalized. They may want to be able to sleep at night.  It may be the only strategy they know.”

Also helping the day traffic phenomenon: zero commissions on many trades, and the presence of social media and chat rooms that are full of deliberations on high profile names.

Another major factor: the presence of educational materials that are teaching traders how to employment options.

“We have seen no dropoff in the interest in education material on our website,” JJ Kinahan, Chief Market Strategist at TD Ameritrade. “The most watched videos on our neighbourhood are first, stock fundamentals, and second, getting started with options.”  He noted that viewing of that stuff remains three times higher than it was a year ago.

Equity trading also way up

The increase in options trading is occasion in tandem with a similar increase in equity trading. At Fidelity, trading volume in the third quarter is up 97% from a year ago, for pattern.

At Interactive Brokers, daily average revenue trades (DARTs) for November were up 174% over the same era last year, according to Rich Repetto at Piper Sandler.  They also added 29,000 new accounts.

“We are jack up our 4Q20 EPS estimate due to stronger than anticipated trading, continued account growth and strong margin balance and customer fairness growth,” Repetto wrote in a recent note to clients.

Robinson noted that he is not seeing the same dramatic better in trading in futures contracts, which are used more by professionals as hedging vehicles, or in index options.

How long liking this elevated trading continue?

Amidst all this bullish call buying, what could go wrong?  Sosnick reprimanded me the biggest risk was simple mean reversion: “You can get into a losing streak.  It doesn’t take much if you are buying dodgy calls to lose money after a few days or weeks.”

Sosnick also speculated that all this day trading may would rather a limited shelf life, regardless of market trends.

“I wonder how much of this is tied to the fact that multifarious people haven’t had to pay student loans, and next month they may have to,” he said. “The average student loan payment is $400, if you use that to put in the bazaar, and I have to start paying that back, it is money that could flow out of the markets.”

Robinson agreed. “We don’t keep in view these levels to persist,” Robinson told me. “When the pandemic is over, those staying at home will go with little to work.  When the vaccine comes out, volatility will likely go down, that will make it more troubled to day trade.”

Sosnick agreed that volatility could indeed drop if the enormous amount of call buying vaporized.  He noted that one of the reasons the CBOE Volatility Index (VIX) has been stuck at the elevated 21 level despite a big group is that the huge amount of call buyers has inflated implied volatility.

How many will stick around for the next castigation?

The ultimate test to see whether these new traders stick around will be the next correction, Sosnick told me. “Human being are smart, and they are trying to get educated. But the best education for traders is a full market cycle, and we haven’t seen that yet. Tons of these traders only came in after March, so they haven’t seen a full cycle.”

Still, Sosnick doesn’t objurgation the younger crowd for having fun with stocks and options while it lasts:  “And betting on NASDAQ was much sundry likely to pay off than the Jets,” he quipped.

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