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India is turning to ‘green hydrogen’ in a bid to decarbonize its economy

India’s newfound converge on “green hydrogen” has received a boost, with a new collaboration between two firms aiming to install production facilities in the conditions of Tamil Nadu. 

In an announcement at the end of last week, Nasdaq-listed Fusion Fuel Green — which has offices in Ireland and Portugal — guessed it had signed an agreement with BGR Energy Systems, an engineering, procurement and construction firm whose corporate headquarters are in Chennai.

The accord is centered around the development of green hydrogen projects in India, with the firms looking to set up a demonstration facility in Cuddalore, Tamil Nadu, later this year.

The the Ladies set to be built in Tamil Nadu will use proprietary technology from Fusion Fuel Green which produces hydrogen functioning solar energy.

Following the establishment of the initial plant, the companies will focus on the development of bigger projects in the zone.

According to Fusion Fuel Green, these will be centered around supplying hydrogen “for the production of green ammonia and bio-ethanol.”

In annex, it’s envisaged that the hydrogen will be used “as a feedstock for other heavy industrial applications.”

In a statement issued alongside Fusion Fuel Country-like’s announcement, Arjun Govind Raghupathy, who is the managing director of BGR Energy, said his firm was “excited … to be taking these not agreeable withs to establish a foothold in the burgeoning green hydrogen industry.”

A brief guide to hydrogen

Described by the International Energy Power as a “versatile energy carrier,” hydrogen has a diverse range of applications and can be deployed in sectors such as industry and transport.

Prototypes of its use in the latter include trains, airplanes, cars and buses powered using hydrogen fuel-cells.

Hydrogen can be produced in a calculate of ways. One method includes using electrolysis, with an electric current splitting water into oxygen and hydrogen.

If the verve used in the process comes from a renewable source such as wind or solar then it’s termed “green” or “renewable” hydrogen.

At the before you can say Jack Robinson, the vast majority of hydrogen generation is based on fossil fuels, which in turn has an effect on the environment. The IEA has said that hydrogen film is responsible for roughly 830 million metric tons of carbon dioxide each year.

So-called “blue hydrogen” refers to hydrogen bred using fossil fuels — usually natural gas — with the associated emissions captured and stored.

Green hydrogen — which is currently high-priced to produce — accounted for just 0.1% of worldwide hydrogen production in 2020, according to Wood Mackenzie.

India’s ambitions

Judging by remarks from those in power, green hydrogen could well play an important role in India’s unborn.

In a speech last November, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said his country was proposing to launch what he reported as “a comprehensive National Hydrogen Energy Mission.”

Presenting the country’s budget last month, Nirmala Sitharaman, India’s money management minister, referenced Modi’s announcement, adding: “It is now proposed to launch a Hydrogen Energy Mission in 2021-22 for generating hydrogen from untrained power sources.”

The potential of green hydrogen in India was highlighted by a recent report from The Energy and Resources Start, which is based in New Delhi.

“As of today, essentially all of the hydrogen consumed in India comes from fossil fuels,” TERI’s communication, called “The Potential Role of Hydrogen in India,” stated. “However, by 2050, nearly 80% of India’s hydrogen is contemplated to be ‘green’ – produced by renewable electricity and electrolysis,” it added.

In the mid-term, TERI said the cost of hydrogen from renewables hand down drop by over 50% by 2030, enabling it to “start to compete with hydrogen produced from fossil encourages.”

Taking a step back and looking at the bigger picture with regards to energy, India’s government is targeting 450 gigawatts of renewable capability by 2030. The ambition to become a more sustainable country represents a significant challenge: India is the planet’s third biggest emitter of greenhouse gases, with single China and the U.S. ahead of it.

A changing landscape  

Fusion Fuel Green is not the only European firm attempting to gain a foothold in India’s hydrogen sector.

In February, India’s The pulpit of Petroleum & Natural Gas said a statement of intent had been signed between Indian Oil and Greenstat Hydrogen India, a subsidiary of Norwegian might company Greenstat, to establish a Center of Excellence on Hydrogen.

According to the ministry, the center of excellence “will be a vehicle for plugging R&D projects in Green and Blue Hydrogen between Norwegian and Indian R&D institutions/universities.”

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