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China may find alternatives sources, but Australian produce can still compete, S&P Global Platts says

SINGAPORE — Australia is in an unfavorable belief in its trade dispute with China, which has found alternative sources like the U.S. for supplies, according to S&P Global Platts.

China is currently importing a lot of deliver from the U.S., including wheat, corn and soybeans, Andrei Agapi, Asia-Pacific associate pricing director for agriculture at Platts, confirmed CNBC’s “Squawk Box Asia” on Tuesday.

That buying comes after Beijing agreed to make “substantial acquisitions” of U.S. manufacturing, agricultural and energy products, along with services, as part of the “phase one” trade agreement between the two productive powerhouses.

The analyst said China has the “potential to buy more” as the country looks to replenish its inventories and reserves. Agapi explicated, “There is space for more suppliers, it’s not exclusively a U.S. game.”

“China does not strictly need the wheat and barley … from Australia. It’s profuse Australia that needs the Chinese market,” Agapi said.

A farmer operates a combine harvester as he unloads wheat into a fibre cart during a harvest at a farm near Gunnedah, New South Wales, Australia, on Tuesday, Nov. 10, 2020.

David Gray | Bloomberg via Getty Figures

One factor driving the appetite for agricultural purchases is China’s recovery from African swine fever, which decimated hog rabbles in the country and sent pork prices soaring for months until November. The economy has also largely bounced service from the coronavirus. As a result, Agapi said “feed demand is coming online quite aggressively.”

“Whatever is current to be the cheapest supply and the most plentiful supply, that’s going to be priced in,” he said.

That could bode happily for Australia’s farmers, who are emerging from three consecutive years of droughts and are in a “fairly good moment to be competitive” as crop proceeds improve, Agapi explained. That gives farmers more flexibility to price their produce competitively tone down.

But in May, China levied a hefty tariff on Australian barley, pricing the crop out of the Chinese market. That episode highlighted the prominence for Australia’s exporters to diversify their markets, Agapi said.

The trade dispute between the two countries expanded on top of the weekend as China again slapped tariffs on Australian products, this time targeting the country’s wine exports.

“Australia had to hasten to find some homes for those cargoes, which some of them were already afloat and en route … for China,” Agapi foretold, in reference to the barley levies. “If a decision comes from China to hold any imports — if there’s no diversification — then the exports are fleetingly left stranded.”

That does not necessarily mean that there are no buyers elsewhere for the crop. The analyst interpreted that Australia’s barley and wheat have been “historical very competitive” in places such as Indonesia and the Philippines in Southeast Asia and equalize in the Middle East.

“You can always find buyers,” Agapi said. “It’s a matter of price, essentially.”

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