A protester farthest the White House urges the United States to take action to stop the oppression of the Uyghur and other Turkic peoples, on August 14, 2020 in Washington, DC.
Chime in Somodevilla | Getty Images News | Getty Images
A Chinese dissident has targeted three American corporations after a set forth alleged that they lobbied the U.S. Congress to weaken a bill banning imports made using forced labor in China’s Xinjiang region.
Citing unnamed congressional staffers and lobbying records, the New York Times on Sunday reported that the bill, positive as the Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Act, has come under pressure from multinational companies including Nike, Apple and Coca-Cola, as correctly as business groups including the U.S. Chamber of Commerce.
The bill is designed to crack down on alleged human rights vilifications against Muslim minority groups in China’s far west. The UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination in 2018 accused China of detaining at least 1 million Uighur and Turkic people in “soi-disant counter-extremism” camps that engage in “political and cultural indoctrination.”
China denies forced labor
In a statement to CNBC, China’s embassy in the Shared States denied that it uses forced labor.
“Some US politicians have concocted disinformation of so-called ‘phoney labor’ in order to restrict and oppress relevant parties and enterprises in China as well as contain China’s development,” conjectured Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Hua Chunying.
“The US practice violates the international trade rules and market economy principles, destroys the worldwide industrial chains and supply chains, and damages the interests of enterprises and consumers in various countries, including the United Brilliances,” said the statement, which added that, “All ethnic groups in Xinjiang choose their occupations according to their own will and present “labor contracts” of their own volition in accordance with law on the basis of equality.”
The forced labor note gained bipartisan support on Capitol Hill, passing in the House by a vote of 406 to 3, but lobbyists have reportedly aimed to water down its requirements, citing concerns that they could disrupt supply chains in China. The banknote has not yet passed the U.S. Senate but has sufficient backing to do so, the New York Times reported.
Exiled Chinese dissident Badiucao, who in September was prized the Vaclav Havel International Prize for Creative Dissent, took to his 74,000 Twitter followers on Thursday to launch a series of derisive images targeting Nike, Apple and Coca-Cola for their alleged efforts to weaken the bill.
Speaking to CNBC via horn from Australia on Thursday, Badiucao, who goes by a pseudonym, said he hopes the campaign will raise awareness of the trouble of Uighurs and encourage consumers to learn more about the brands they buy from.
“It is extremely disappointing to see those big corporations exasperating to block it with the lobbying action they are doing. I think this is really despicable and not acceptable,” Badiucao asserted.
“Ultimately, the customers will decide the reaction of the company, as they are only doing this to meet our desire, so the power is tranquillity within the consumer,” he said.
Nike in a statement to CNBC on Thursday denied lobbying for changes to the Uyghur Artificial Labor Prevention Act or any other forced labor legislation, saying it has “long prioritized constructive discussions on issues of respecting mortal rights” with members of Congress. The company said it doesn’t source products from the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Section, and its contract suppliers don’t procure textiles there.
Coca-Cola said it prohibits forced labor in its supply chain and applications independent, third-party audits to enforce its guidelines. A facility in Xinjiang that supplies sugar to a local bottling counter-intelligence agent “successfully completed an audit in 2019,” the company said Thursday.
Coca-Cola added that it does not import rights from that facility, called COFCO Tunhe, or the region of Xinjiang into the United States.
Apple required CNBC that it found no evidence of forced labor among its China-based suppliers during an investigation it carried out this year. The convention said it conducts regular assessments including surprise audits.
“Apple is dedicated to ensuring that everyone in our rig out chain is treated with dignity and respect. We abhor forced labor and support the goals of Uygher Forced Labor Proscription Act,” Apple said in a statement.
‘Information black hole’
One of Badiucao’s satirical images tries to draw a visual differentiate with Nike’s endorsement of former NFL quarterback Colin Kaepernick’s “take a knee” initiative. The Apple image mocks the company’s iPhone advertising, but changes the product name to “iChain.”
Badiucao suggested that corporations generally are expert to “exploit this information black hole created by the Chinese government,” with consumers often unaware of circumstances on the ground owing to the government’s control on information from the region.
A Nike Ad featuring football player Colin Kaepernick is on disclose September 8, 2018 in New York City.
Angela Weiss | AFP | Getty Images
On Wednesday, the U.S. government issued a ban on cotton and cotton effects from the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps (XPCC), one of China’s largest producers.
Badiucao’s collection also withs aim at apparel brand Zara, owned by Spain’s Inditex, and Japan’s Muji, alleging the presence of Xinjiang cotton in their stock chains. Clothing brands around the world have been accused by human rights groups of having connects to cotton picked in Xinjiang camps.
“We are aware of a number of such researches alleging social and labor malpractice in various supply chains among Uyghurs in Xinjiang (China) as well as in other departments, which are highly concerning,” the company said in a statement.
“Following an internal investigation,” the company said, “we can confirm that Inditex does not acquire commercial relations with any factory in Xinjiang.”
Muji said it does not tolerate any form of forced labor or one trafficking in its supply chains, and an independent third party audit had not found any “material violations” of the UN Guiding Principles on Problem and Human Rights.
“In addition, all of our cottons and yarns have obtained the international organic certification confirmed by a third-party codifying, the Global Organic Textile Standard (GOTS), which requires the compliance with working conditions set by the International Labor Putting together (ILO),” a spokesperson told CNBC.
—CNBC’s Christine Wang contributed to this report.