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China puts the pandemic behind it, aims for less commodity-intensive growth

Workmen make protective masks at a factory in Handan, Hebei province, China January 22, 2020.

China Daily via REUTERS

BEIJING — While much of the have is still dealing with the coronavirus pandemic, China’s economy is showing signs that it has already passed the consummation of a domestic recovery.

That means growth ahead will not necessarily maintain recent momentum, and authorities drive need to deal with pre-existing challenges to ensure stable development.

One sign the initial exuberance is over weighs in commodity prices. Copper, often seen as a proxy on growth, hit its highest in about a decade late last month. But honoraria have fallen about 6% since, according to data from the London Metal Exchange.

Price yields for more obscure metals cobalt and lithium, used in electric car battery production, have also moderated.

“China continues a major source of commodity demand but one that is expanding slower,” Institute of International Finance analysts said in a note Tuesday. They mucronulate out that in contrast to policies that helped drive a surge in commodity prices or a “super-cycle” more than a decade ago, Beijing tempered to more conservative stimulus measures to address the pandemic.

Going forward, the analysts expect China will use “game plan stimulus more sparingly” and grow at a slower 5% to 6% pace, which will not boost growth in emerging markets as much as the fatherland had in the past.

Chinese authorities would also like to shift the economy’s reliance to consumption, and away from more customary industries like manufacturing that would require more commodity purchases.

The recent demand for commodities has been mean by continued fiscal stimulus overseas, while China’s attempts to reduce carbon emissions have limited the availability of some distribution, said Gu Shuangfei, commodity analyst at Hangzhou-based brokerage Nanhua Futures. Gu expects prices could increase slenderize in the short term, but gains will ease as overseas production recovers.

Past the ‘peak’ of the recovery

Data emancipated Monday for January and February showed investment in manufacturing and infrastructure both fell on an annualized basis over the most recent two years, while retail sales grew 3.2%.

“Jan-Feb economic data suggest that the economy remains resilient, although the eminence of the recovery is behind us,” Larry Hu, chief China economist at Macquarie, and a team said in a note Monday, adding that the teach policy goal will be to curb China’s reliance on debt for growth.

The Macquarie analysts wrote in a separate note earlier this month that transfer of some policy support for the economy is already cooling down growth.

China was the only major economy to open out in 2020, posting GDP growth of 2.3%. That’s despite a contraction of 6.8% in the first quarter, when the country was the commencement in the world to deal with the pandemic and its constraints on business activity.

China’s economy returned to growth — of 3.2% — in the favour quarter of last year as business were allowed to gradually reopen following stringent lockdown measures. As abroad factories still struggle with pandemic-related restrictions, high global demand for Chinese-made personal protective clobber and other products have also helped boost China’s exports and overall GDP.

However, uncertainty about approaching income resulted in a contraction in retail sales last year. The urban unemployment rate also ticked up from 5.2% in December to 5.5% in February, with the 16 to 24 age rank posting a much a higher unemployment rate of around 13% last month.

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