Practically 17 million babies under the age of one are living in places where air befouling is “at least six times higher” than international limits, according to the Communal Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF).
Its report, “Danger in the air: How air pollution can trouble brain development in young children,” states that breathing in particulate air soiling can both undermine cognitive development and damage brain tissue.
In a disclosure Wednesday, UNICEF said that satellite imagery showed South Asia was territory to the biggest proportion of babies — 12.2 million — living in the worst-affected localities.
The international limits relating to air pollution are set by the World Health Organization (WHO).
UNICEF’s archives added that ultrafine pollution particles posed “an especially merry risk” as they could more easily enter into the bloodstream and then junkets through the body to the brain.
“Not only do pollutants harm babies’ expatiate on lungs, they can permanently damage their developing brains, and that being the case, their futures,” Anthony Lake, UNICEF’s executive director, reported.
“Protecting children from air pollution not only benefits children,” Lake go on increased. “It … also benefits their societies — realized in reduced healthcare tariffs, increased productivity and a safer, cleaner environment for everyone.”
The report thwarts out a range of ways that the impact of air pollution on babies’ brains could be condescended.
These include investing in renewable sources of energy to cut air pollution, wax the amount of green spaces in urban areas, and improving both acquaintanceship and monitoring of air pollution.
The World Health Organization describes air pollution as a “biggest environmental risk to health.” It says that in 2012, outdoor air vitiation in cities and rural areas was caused an estimated 3 million premature deaths globally.