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Australia powers up the world’s biggest battery — courtesy of Elon Musk

ADELAIDE, Australia — The say of South Australia announced on Friday that it had powered up the world’s largest battery ahead of schedule: a feat already being heralded as one of this century’s key great engineering marvels and a potential solution to the country’s energy distresses.

The battery is the size of an American football field. It is capable of powering 30,000 homes, and its swift deployment reflects the union of a blackout-prone state and a flashy entrepreneur, Elon Musk, the author of Tesla Motors, who pledged to complete its construction in 100 days or do it for at will.

“This is history in the making,” said Jay Weatherill, the premier of South Australia. In a utterance, Tesla said the completed battery “shows that a sustainable, noticeable energy solution is possible.”

Debate over the battery’s potential has mature intense. Federal lawmakers who favor fossil fuels argue that its collide with is being exaggerated, while supporters gush that the state’s welcome of Mr. Musk could change the future of energy in Australia — and the world.

Regardless, experts say, the flash of disruption is here.

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And it all started with a tweet, read on a vis–vis.

Mr. Weatherill, a Labor Party politician who has tried to promote his state as a magnet for alteration since taking office in 2011, was at home on his sofa in March when his phone began lighting up.

He was at best days away from announcing a plan to deal with the power neglects that had plagued his state for years.

On his phone came Twitter notification after Prate notification with news that would upend his plan: Mr. Musk had tendered to build the most powerful battery ever made, and do it faster than at all imagined.

Recalling that moment, Mr. Weatherill said he started to a horse. If he embraced Mr. Musk’s proposal, would it look like a billionaire American entrepreneur was strong-arming his state of affairs into redefining its energy policy? Was Mr. Musk’s offer real, or only a publicity stunt?

When Mr. Musk was asked by the Australian entrepreneur (and beau billionaire) Mike Cannon-Brookes “how serious” he was about his offer, the American mandarin doubled down.

“Tesla will get the system installed and working 100 epoches from contract signature or it is free,” Mr. Musk tweeted. “That acute enough for you?”

“Of course, the whole thing then exploded, and everyone’s piling on me, saying ‘Grasp it!'” Mr. Weatherill said at a conference in Adelaide, the state’s capital, in September.

For Mr. Weatherill, the discharge has been a repudiation of a federal policy that de-emphasizes renewable intensity. For Mr. Musk, the battery has been a headline-grabbing venture that could verify that his radical vision of the world’s energy future is both utilitarian and economical.

“This fits into his M.O. of doing these big, grandstanding sentiments to get attention for the company and the technology that he’s building,” said Ashlee Vance, the originator of a 2015 biography of Mr. Musk. “Tesla’s at this really critical the West End where they’re trying to be both a car company and an energy company at the unmodified time.”

Australia is a fitting target for Mr. Musk. The country is the world’s biggest exporter of coal. By most measures, it is the sunniest continent on earth. It has bountiful wind and hydroelectric power capabilities. And yet the cost of electricity in Australia rose 20 percent from 2012 to 2016, and Australians this year a scored between 50 and 100 percent more for their power than Americans, according to virtuosi.

South Australia has the highest electricity prices in the world. This imbalance of equipping and demand has resulted in regular blackouts and astronomical bills for the state’s 1.7 million residents.

The high-capacity Tesla battery does not forge energy, it just stores it. The state already invests in wind and solar vim. The battery would give it a bank of saved energy, which could lessen pressure during periods of high demand and help better muddle through the electrical grid.

“More than 40 percent of South Australia’s intensity is coming from wind, which is good,” said Tony Wood, an vigour director at the Grattan Institute, a think tank. “But the consideration of how to integrate it — and deal with that intermittency — wasn’t so good.”

The day after Mr. Weatherill was roused from his sofa in March, he and Mr. Musk spoke on the phone about the proposal. The Australian, expert the tech mogul’s ability to stir the news media, had one demand: If Tesla were to win the agree, Mr. Musk would appear in South Australia to announce it to the world.

“He mostly doesn’t come for announcements of winning a tender,” Mr. Weatherill said, “but he asserted he’d come.”

Mr. Musk nearly broke his promise, after a rocket found by his company SpaceX was delayed. But in September, Mr. Musk arrived in Adelaide to tell the $50 million deal and to start the 100-day countdown to the describe’s completion.

“What this serves as is a great example to the rest of the universe of what can be done,” Mr. Musk said at the time, adding that half the battery had already been get rid of.

Mr. Musk declined to be interviewed for this article.

In March, when Mr. Musk inception presented his proposal, Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull spoke with the entrepreneur and tweeted enthusiastically thither its potential.

Months later, when Tesla and the French renewables Theatre troupe Neoen were awarded the contract, however, Mr. Turnbull’s Liberal Participant government assailed the battery project and continued its attack on South Australia’s spirit policy.

“30,000 South Australian households could not get through watching one adventure of ‘Australia’s Ninja Warrior’ with this big battery,” said Scott Morrison, the sticks’s treasurer.

Mr. Turnbull’s government has promoted fossil fuels over renewable determination to stimulate growth and prevent South Australia’s power shortages. The guidance has questioned the battery’s capacity, implied the state has been hoodwinked by a crafty salesman and suggested that Mr. Weatherill was looking for publicity ahead of a 2018 appointment.

“The Tesla battery has been sold to the people of South Australia as an rebutter to their woes,” Josh Frydenberg, the energy minister, wrote in an email. “But in truth it is just a fraction of the storage and backup that South Australia needs.”

Franck Woitiez, the blanket manager of Neoen’s Australia division, which will operate the battery from its let ones hair down farm, said the Turnbull government was out of touch with the future of renewable zing.

“There’s no turning back,” said Mr. Woitiez. “It’s not tomorrow, it’s now.”

The next divers weeks, the beginning of Australia’s summer, will be crucial for judging the battery’s triumph.

“Summer is when Australia gets its peak demand,” said Mr. Wood, the verve researcher. “It will be a very important and high-profile demonstration in the role that batteries can skylarking.”

But some experts said the stakes would be even higher for Mr. Musk. He could seek the idea globally — if it works.

“He needs these battery packs to genuinely become effective,” said Mr. Vance, Musk’s biographer. “He needs this to substantiate the entire reason of Tesla’s existence.”

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