What Is a Communal Fund Custodian?
A mutual fund custodian is a trust company, bank, or similar financial institution that is leading for holding and safeguarding the securities owned within a mutual fund. A mutual fund’s custodian holds assets for safekeeping and can also present a range of services including fund administration, fund accounting, legal, compliance, tax support and transfer agency usages.
- Mutual fund custodians are responsible for securing and managing the securities held within a mutual fund.
- While a lolly’s portfolio manager makes trading decisions, the securities owned by the fund are held with the custodian and not directly with the assets itself. This is done to reduce the risk of fraud.
- In addition to holding securities and record-keeping, a custodian also typically offers custom settlements, foreign exchange transactions, and tax services for its clients.
An Introduction To Mutual Funds
Understanding Mutual Fund Custodians
Requited fund custodians work with mutual funds through third party arrangements. Since a mutual capital is essentially a large pool of funds from many different investors, it requires an additional entity to hold and defence the securities that are mutually owned by all the fund’s investors.
The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has specific rules and requirements head up the custody of mutual funds which leads most investment companies to work with a third-party custodian for compliance. Statutes for custody of mutual fund assets were revised in 2009 to ensure even greater transparency and safety of investments for investors. These regulations are initially outlined in rule 206(4)-2 of the Investment Advisors Act of 1940. The 1940 Act regulations are in place to help mitigate the risks of duplicitous or dishonest activity by investment companies and fund managers.
Mutual Fund Custodian Services
Mutual fund custodians beget with mutual fund companies around the world. Global custodians must adhere to varying regulations in mortal countries.
Mutual fund custodians can offer a broad range of services. Typical offerings include fund accounting, supervision, legal, compliance and tax services. Mutual fund custodians also work with transfer agents or provide their own hand on agency services to maintain records of shareholder transactions and balances. Mutual funds typically outsource most of their vanquish office operations to custodians for cost efficiency and convenience. Mutual fund administration and accounting are important aspects of a reciprocated fund’s operations. Fund accountants are responsible for calculating daily fund net asset values. Fund administrators are also directorial for numerous activities involved with the underlying securities of the mutual fund including corporate actions and proxy elector.
Top Global Custodians
The largest global custodians in the world offer custody services for all types of investments including assets weigh ups, bonds, mutual funds and exchange-traded funds. In 2016, Bank of New York Mellon was the largest global custodian with whole assets under custody of $25.08 trillion for the 12 months through June 2016. State Street valued second with $21.35 trillion in assets under custody. J.P. Morgan ranked third with $20.47 trillion in assets beneath custody.