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Loan Lock Definition

What Is a Loan Upon?

A loan lock refers to a lender’s promise to offer a borrower a specified interest rate on a mortgage and to hold that class for an agreed-upon period of time.

How a Loan Lock Works

A loan lock guarantees a borrower that a mortgage lender disposition, upon closing, provide a loan with a specified interest rate. Typically, lenders offer quotes to future borrowers that reflect prevailing interest rates at the time of the offer, rather than at the time of settlement. The cited rate will also include a lender’s margin. Rates can go up or down prior to closing, so a loan lock accommodates the borrower with protection against a rise in interest rates during the lock period. A lender will every once in a while offer a loan lock as a specific rate plus a number of points. Points represent a fee paid at the origination of a credit to receive a lower interest rate over the loan’s life.

If rates go down, the borrower may have the option to repair from the agreement. The probability of such a withdrawal is known as a fallout risk for the lender. The borrower should take flagrant care, however, to ensure that the lock agreement allows for withdrawal.

In some cases where prevailing worths decline during the lock period, the borrower may have the option to take advantage of a float-down provision to lock in a new, let rate. As with any feature that increases interest-rate risk to the lender, a float-down provision will only be at at an additional cost to the borrower.

Loan locks generally last 30 or 60 days. At a minimum they should envelop the period necessary for the lender to process the borrower’s loan application. An example of a short lock period is one that perishes shortly after completion of the loan-approval process. In some cases this lock period can be as short as a few days. A borrower can haggle the terms of a loan lock and often extend the term of the lock for a fee or slightly higher rate.

A loan lock makes the borrower with protection against a rise in interest rates during the lock period.

Loan Lock vs. Accommodation Commitment

It is worthwhile to distinguish between a loan lock and a loan commitment. A loan commitment can refer to a commercial family of credit, but when used in reference to a mortgage agreement the term refers to a lender’s intention to lend a certain amount at an unspecified instant in the future. The commitment may or may not contain a loan lock. Generally, a borrower uses a lender’s commitment to make his or her offer multifarious attractive to the seller of a property in a competitive bidding environment.

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