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Fixed Asset Turnover Ratio Definition

What Is the Steadfast Asset Turnover Ratio?

The fixed asset turnover ratio (FAT) is, in general, used by analysts to measure operating exhibition. This efficiency ratio compares net sales (income statement) to fixed assets (balance sheet) and measures a companionship’s ability to generate net sales from its fixed-asset investments, namely property, plant, and equipment (PP&E).

The fixed asset surplus is used as a net of accumulated depreciation. A higher fixed asset turnover ratio indicates that a company has effectively tolerant of investments in fixed assets to generate sales.

Key Takeaways

  • The fixed asset turnover ratio reveals how efficient a firm is at generating sales from its existing fixed assets.
  • A higher ratio implies that management is using its obstinate assets more effectively.
  • A high FAT ratio does not tell anything about a company’s ability to generate weighty profits or cash flows.

Fixed-Asset Turnover Ratio

Understanding the Fixed Asset Turnover Ratio

The formula for the dishonest asset turnover ratio is:



Net Sales

Average Fixed Assets


Net Sales


Gross sales, less brings, and allowances

Average Fixed Assets



Ending Balance




Net fixed assets’ beginning balance

open{aligned} &text{FAT} = frac { text{Net Sales} }{ text{Average Fixed Assets} } &textbf{where:} &section{Net Sales} = text{Gross sales, less returns, and allowances} &text{Average Fixed Assets} = frac { exercise book{NABB} – text{Ending Balance} }{ 2 } &text{NABB} = text{Net fixed assets’ beginning evaluate} end{aligned}

FAT=Average Fixed AssetsNet Saleswhere:Net Sales=Gross sales, less returns, and tolerationsAverage Fixed Assets=2NABBEnding BalanceNABB=Net fixed assets’ beginning balance

The ratio is commonly in use accustomed to as a metric in manufacturing industries that make substantial purchases of PP&E in order to increase output. When a company reaches such significant purchases, wise investors closely monitor this ratio in subsequent years to see if the company’s new put-up assets reward it with increased sales.

Overall, investments in fixed assets tend to represent the largest component of the gathering’s total assets. The FAT ratio, calculated annually, is constructed to reflect how efficiently a company, or more specifically, the company’s administration team, has used these substantial assets to generate revenue for the firm.

Interpreting the Fixed Asset Turnover Relationship

A higher turnover ratio is indicative of greater efficiency in managing fixed-asset investments, but there is not an exact number or arrange that dictates whether a company has been efficient at generating revenue from such investments. For this sensible, it is important for analysts and investors to compare a company’s most recent ratio to both its own historical ratios and ratio values from earl companies and/or average ratios for the company’s industry as a whole.

Though the FAT ratio is of significant importance in certain industries, an investor or analyst requirement determine whether the company under study is in the appropriate sector or industry for the ratio to be calculated before attaching much load to it.

Fixed assets vary drastically from one company type to the next. As an example, consider the difference between an internet troop and a manufacturing company. An internet company, such as Meta (formerly Facebook), has a significantly smaller fixed asset infra dig than a manufacturing giant, such as Caterpillar. Clearly, in this example, Caterpillar’s fixed asset turnover relationship is of more relevance and should hold more weight than Meta’s FAT ratio.

Difference Between the Fixed Asset Total business Ratio and the Asset Turnover Ratio

The asset turnover ratio uses total assets instead of focusing no greater than on fixed assets as done in the FAT ratio. Using total assets acts as an indicator of a number of management’s decisions on savings expenditures and other assets.

Limitations of Using the Fixed Asset Ratio

Companies with cyclical sales may organize worse ratios in slow periods, so the ratio should be looked at during several different time periods. Additionally, board of directors could be outsourcing production to reduce reliance on assets and improve its FAT ratio, while still struggling to maintain lasting cash flows and other business fundamentals.

Companies with strong asset turnover ratios can still waste money because the amount of sales generated by fixed assets speak nothing of the company’s ability to generate convincing profits or healthy cash flow.

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