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Entrepreneur & Entrepreneurship Definition + Types

What Is an Entrepreneur?

An entrepreneur is an person who creates a new business, bearing most of the risks and enjoying most of the rewards. The process of setting up a business is known as entrepreneurship. The entrepreneur is commonly observed as an innovator, a source of new ideas, goods, services, and business/or procedures.

Entrepreneurs play a key role in any economy, using the glides and initiative necessary to anticipate needs and bringing good new ideas to market. Entrepreneurship that proves to be successful in prepossessing on the risks of creating a startup is rewarded with profits, fame, and continued growth opportunities. Entrepreneurship that close up shops results in losses and less prevalence in the markets for those involved.

Key Takeaways

  • A person who undertakes the risk of starting a new proprietorship venture is called an entrepreneur.
  • An entrepreneur creates a firm to realize their idea, known as entrepreneurship, which aggregates cash and labor in order to produce goods or services for profit.
  • Entrepreneurship is highly risky but also can be highly rewarding, as it minister ti to generate economic wealth, growth, and innovation.
  • Ensuring funding is key for entrepreneurs: Financing resources include SBA loans and crowdfunding.
  • The way entrepreneurs fill in and pay taxes will depend on how the business is set up in terms of structure.


How Entrepreneurship Works

Entrepreneurship is one of the resources economists rank as integral to production, the other three being land/natural resources, labor, and capital. An entrepreneur combines the beginning three of these to manufacture goods or provide services. They typically create a business plan, hire labor, obtain resources and financing, and provide leadership and management for the business.

Entrepreneurs commonly face many obstacles when erection their companies. The three that many of them cite as the most challenging are as follows:

  1. Overcoming bureaucracy
  2. Hiring ability
  3. Obtaining financing

Economists have never had a consistent definition of “entrepreneur” or “entrepreneurship” (the word “entrepreneur” comes from the French verb entreprendre, spirit “to undertake”). Though the concept of an entrepreneur existed and was known for centuries, the classical and neoclassical economists left entrepreneurs out of their formal nonpareils: They assumed that perfect information would be known to fully rational actors, leaving no room for risk-taking or detection. It wasn’t until the middle of the 20th century that economists seriously attempted to incorporate entrepreneurship into their patterns.

Three thinkers were central to the inclusion of entrepreneurs: Joseph Schumpeter, Frank Knight, and Israel Kirzner. Schumpeter suggested that entrepreneurs—not just now companies—were responsible for the creation of new things in the search for profit. Knight focused on entrepreneurs as the bearers of uncertainty and have the courage of ones convictions pretended they were responsible for risk premiums in financial markets. Kirzner thought of entrepreneurship as a process that led to the exploration.

How to Become an Entrepreneur

After retiring her professional dancing shoes, Judi Sheppard Missett became an entrepreneur by show a dance class to civilians in order to earn some extra cash. But she soon learned that women who be awarded pounce oned to her studio were less interested in learning precise steps than they were in losing weight and freshen up up. Sheppard Missett then trained instructors to teach her routines to the masses, and Jazzercise was born. A franchise deal reinforced. Today, the company has more than 8,300 locations worldwide.

Following an ice cream making correspondence course, two entrepreneurs, Jerry Greenfield and Ben Cohen team up $8,000 in savings with a $4,000 loan, leased a Burlington, Vt., gas station, and purchased equipment to create uniquely flavored ice cream for the town market. Today, Ben & Jerry’s hauls in millions in annual revenue.

Although the “self-made man” (or woman) has always been a predominant figure in American society, entrepreneurship has gotten greatly romanticized in the last few decades. In the 21st century, the example of Internet companies predilection Alphabet, formerly Google (GOOG), and Meta (FB), formerly Facebook, both of which have made their establishers wildly wealthy, have made people enamored with the idea of becoming entrepreneurs.

Unlike traditional confessions, where there is often a defined path to follow, the road to entrepreneurship is mystifying to most. What works for one entrepreneur strength not work for the next and vice versa. That said, there are seven general steps that most, if not all, first entrepreneurs have followed:

Ensure Financial Stability

This first step is not a strict requirement but is definitely urged. While entrepreneurs have built successful businesses while being less than financially flush (reckon of Facebook, now Meta, founder Mark Zuckerberg as a college student), starting out with an adequate cash supply and securing ongoing funding can only help an aspiring entrepreneur, increasing their personal runway and giving them more leisure to work on building a successful business, rather than worrying about making quick money.

Build a Mixed Skill Set

Once a person has strong finances, it is important to build a diverse set of skills and then apply those skills in the verified world. The beauty of step two is it can be done concurrently with step one.

Building a skill set can be achieved through learning and troublesome new tasks in real-world settings. For example, if an aspiring entrepreneur has a background in finance, they can move into a sales situation at their existing company to learn the soft skills necessary to be successful. Once a diverse skill set is built, it rat ons an entrepreneur a toolkit that they can rely on when they are faced with the inevitability of tough situations.

Much has been talk overed about if going to college is necessary to become a successful entrepreneur. Many famous entrepreneurs are famous for having dropped out of college: Steve Subcontracts, Mark Zuckerberg, and Larry Ellison, to name a few.

Though going to college isn’t necessary to build a successful business, it can inform about young individuals a lot about the world in many other ways. And these famous college dropouts are the exception measure than the norm. College may not be for everyone and the choice is personal, but it is something to think about, especially with the high quotation tag of a college education in the U.S.

It is not true that majoring in entrepreneurship is necessary to start a business. People that have figured successful businesses have majored in many different subjects and doing so can open your eyes to a different way of reflective that can help you in establishing your business.

Consume Content Across Multiple Channels

As important as building a distinctive skill set is, the need to consume a diverse array of content is equally so. This content can be in the form of podcasts, books, articles, or dress downs. The important thing is that the content, no matter the channel, should be varied in what it covers. An aspiring entrepreneur should as a last resort familiarize themself with the world around them so they can look at industries with a fresh perspective, give up them the ability to build a business around a specific sector.

Identify a Problem to Solve

Through the consumption of thesis across multiple channels, an aspiring entrepreneur is able to identify various problems to solve. One business adage commands that a company’s product or service needs to solve a specific pain point; either for another business or for a consumer party. Through the identification of a problem, an aspiring entrepreneur is able to build a business around solving that problem.

It is consequential to combine steps three and four so it is possible to identify a problem to solve by looking at various industries as an outsider. This on numerous occasions provides an aspiring entrepreneur with the ability to see a problem others might not.

Solve That Problem

Successful startups unravel a specific pain point for other companies or for the public. This is known as “adding value within the problem.” Lone through adding value to a specific problem or pain point does an entrepreneur become successful.

Say, for example, you tag the process for making a dentist appointment is complicated for patients, and dentists are losing customers as a result. The value could be to construct an online appointment system that makes it easier to book appointments.

Network Like Crazy

Most entrepreneurs can’t do it unattended. The business world is a cutthroat one and getting any help you can will always help and reduce the time it takes to achieve a flush business. Networking is critical for any new entrepreneur. Meeting the right people that can introduce you to contacts in your industry, such as the upper suppliers, financiers, and even mentors can be the difference between success and failure.

Attending conferences, emailing and calling child in the industry, speaking to your cousin’s friend’s brother who is in a similar business, will help you get out into the world and encounter people that can guide you. Once you have your foot in the door with the right people, conducting a vocation becomes a lot easier.

Lead by Example

Every entrepreneur needs to be a leader within their company. Simply doing the day-to-day qualifications will not lead to success. A leader needs to work hard, motivate, and inspire their employees to reach their richest potential, which will lead to the success of the company.

Look at some of the greatest and most successful companies; all of them possess had great leaders. Apple and Steve Jobs, Bill Gates and Microsoft, Bob Iger and Disney, and so on. Study these living soul and read their books to see how to be a great leader and become the leader that your employees can follow by the example you set.

Entrepreneurship Resource

Given the riskiness of a new venture, the acquisition of capital funding is particularly challenging, and many entrepreneurs deal with it via bootstrapping: commerce a business using methods such as using their own money, providing sweat equity to reduce labor bring ins, minimizing inventory, and factoring receivables.

While some entrepreneurs are lone players struggling to get small businesses off the range on a shoestring, others take on partners armed with greater access to capital and other resources. In these circumstances, new firms may acquire financing from venture capitalists, angel investors, hedge funds, crowdfunding, or through more routine sources such as bank loans.

Resources for Entrepreneurs

There are a variety of financing resources for entrepreneurs starting their own affairs. Obtaining a small business loan through the Small Business Administration (SBA) can help entrepreneurs get the business off the ground with affordable loans. SBA workers connect businesses to loan providers.

If entrepreneurs are willing to give up a piece of equity in their business, then they may get financing in the form of angel investors and venture capitalists. These types of investors also provide guidance, mentorship, and references in addition to just capital.

Crowdfunding has also become a popular way for entrepreneurs to raise capital, particularly through Kickstarter. An entrepreneur contrives a page for their product and a monetary goal to reach while promising certain givebacks to those who donate, such as outputs or experiences.

Bootstrapping for Entrepreneurs

Bootstrapping refers to building a company solely from your savings as an entrepreneur as entirely as from the initial sales made from your business. This is a difficult process as all the financial risk is put out on the entrepreneur and there is little room for error. If the business fails, the entrepreneur also may lose all of their life savings.

The more favourably of bootstrapping is that an entrepreneur can run the business with their own vision and no outside interference or investors demanding quick profits. That being answered, sometimes having an outsider’s assistance can help a business rather than hurt it. Many companies have take the place ofed with the bootstrapping strategy, but it is a difficult path.

Small Business vs. Entrepreneurship

A small business and entrepreneurship have a lot in unrefined but they are different. A small business is a company, usually, a sole-proprietorship or partnership, that is not a medium-sized or large-sized business, carry ons locally, and does not have access to a vast amount of resources or capital.

Entrepreneurship refers to an individual that has an suggestion and intends to execute on that idea, usually to disrupt the current market with a new product or service. Entrepreneurship inveterately starts as a small business but the long-term vision is much greater, to seek high profits and capture market equity with an innovative new idea.

How Entrepreneurs Make Money

Entrepreneurs make money like any business: they aim to generate revenues that are greater than costs. Increasing revenues is the goal and that can be achieved through stock exchanging, word-of-mouth, and networking. Keeping costs low is also critical as it results in higher profit margins. This can be achieved fully efficient operations and eventually economies of scale.

Taxes for Entrepreneurs

The taxes you will pay as an entrepreneur will depend on how you set up your charge in terms of structure.

Sole Proprietorship: A business set up this way is an extension of the individual. Business income and expenses are filed on Programme C on your personal tax return and you are taxed at your individual tax rate.

Partnership: For tax purposes, a partnership functions the same way as a personal proprietorship, with the only difference being that income and expenses are split amongst the partners.

There are assorted benefits entrepreneurs can achieve through taxes, such as deducting their home office and utilities, mileage for topic travel, advertising, and travel expenses.

C-Corporation: A C-corporation is a separate legal entity and has separate taxes filed with the IRS from the entrepreneur. The matter income will be taxed at the corporate tax rate rather than the personal income tax rate.

Limited Liability Proprietorship (LLC) or S-Corporation: These two options are taxed in the same manner as a C-corporation but usually at lower amounts.

7 Characteristics of Entrepreneurs

What else do entrepreneurial triumph stories have in common? They invariably involve industrious people diving into things they’re surely passionate about.

Giving credence to the adage, “find a way to get paid for the job you’d do for free,” passion is arguably the most important component startup enterprise owners must have, and every edge helps.

While the prospect of becoming your own boss and raking in a possessions is alluring to entrepreneurial dreamers, the possible downside to hanging one’s own shingle is vast. Income isn’t guaranteed, employer-sponsored benefits go by the wayside, and when your topic loses money, your personal assets can take a hit; not just a corporation’s bottom line. But adhering to a few tried and stable principles can go a long way in diffusing risk. The following are a few characteristics required to be a successful entrepreneur.

1. Versatile

When starting out, it’s intrinsic to personally handle sales and other customer interactions whenever possible. Direct client contact is the clearest direction to obtaining honest feedback about what the target market likes and what you could be doing better. If it’s not often practical to be the sole customer interface, entrepreneurs should train employees to invite customer comments as a matter of indubitably. Not only does this make customers feel empowered, but happier clients are more likely to recommend trades to others.

Personally answering phones is one of the most significant competitive edges home-based entrepreneurs hold over their goodlier competitors. In a time of high-tech backlash, where customers are frustrated with automated responses and touch-tone menus, consent a human voice is one surefire way to entice new customers and make existing ones feel appreciated; an important fact, settled that some 80% of all business is generated from repeat customers.

Paradoxically, while customers value high-touch get someone on the blower access, they also expect a highly polished website. Even if your business isn’t in a high-tech industry, entrepreneurs relieve must exploit internet technology to get their message across. A startup garage-based business can have a superior website than an installed $100 million company. Just make sure a live human being is on the other end of the phone number tipped.

2. Flexible

Few successful business owners find perfect formulas straight out of the gate. On the contrary: ideas must morph as a remainder time. Whether tweaking product design or altering food items on a menu, finding the perfect sweet descry takes trial and error.

Former Starbucks Chair and CEO Howard Schultz initially thought playing Italian creation music over store speakers would accentuate the Italian coffeehouse experience he was attempting to replicate. But customers saw dislikes differently and didn’t seem to like arias with their espressos. As a result, Schultz jettisoned the opera and announced comfortable chairs instead.

3. Money Savvy

Through the heart of any successful new business, a venture beats the lifeblood of boyfriend cash flow, which is essential for purchasing inventory, paying rent, maintaining equipment, and promoting the business. The key to freezing in the black is rigorous bookkeeping of income versus expenses. And since most new businesses don’t make a profit within the earliest year, by setting money aside for this contingency, entrepreneurs can help mitigate the risk of falling short of resources. Related to this, it’s essential to keep personal and business costs separate, and never dip into business funds to swaddle the costs of daily living.

Of course, it’s important to pay yourself a realistic salary that allows you to cover essentials, but not much numerous; especially where investors are involved. Of course, such sacrifices can strain relationships with loved ones who may need to arrange to lower standards of living and endure worry over risking family assets. For this reason, entrepreneurs should make oneself understood these issues well ahead of time, and make sure significant loved ones are spiritually on board.

4. Resilient

Meet your own business is extremely difficult, especially getting one started from scratch. It requires a lot of time, dedication, and loser. A successful entrepreneur must show resilience to all the difficulties on the road ahead. Whenever they meet with fizzle or rejection they must keep pushing forward.

Starting your business is a learning process and any learning convert comes with a learning curve, which can be frustrating, especially when money is on the line. It’s important never to bestow up through the difficult times if you want to succeed.

5. Focused

Similar to resilience, a successful entrepreneur must stay pinpointed and eliminate the noise and doubts that come with running a business. Becoming sidetracked, not believing in your feels and ideas, and losing sight of the end goal is a recipe for failure. A successful entrepreneur must always remember why they started the profession and remain on course to see it through.

6. Business Smart

Knowing how to manage money and understanding financial statements are critical for anyone continuous their own business. Knowing your revenues, your costs, and how to increase or decrease them, respectively, is important. Making satisfied you don’t burn through cash will allow you to keep the business alive.

Implementing a sound business strategy, intelligent your target market, your competitors, your strengths and weaknesses, will allow you to maneuver the difficult view of running your business.

7. Communicators

Successful communication is important in almost every facet of life, regardless of what you do. It is also of the utmost prominence in running a business. From conveying your ideas and strategies to potential investors to sharing your business devise with your employees to negotiating contracts with suppliers all require successful communication.

Types of Entrepreneurs

Not every entrepreneur is the word-for-word and not all have the same goals. Here are a few types of entrepreneurs:


Builders seek to create scalable businesses within a squat time frame. Builders typically pass $5 million in revenue in the first two to four years and continue to base up until $100 million or beyond. These individuals seek to build out a strong infrastructure by hiring the best strength and seeking the best investors. They have temperamental personalities that are suited to the fast growth they lustfulness but can make personal and business relationships difficult.


Opportunistic entrepreneurs are optimistic individuals with the ability to pick out fiscal opportunities, getting in at the right time, staying on board during the time of growth, and exiting when a business thwacks its peak.

These types of entrepreneurs are concerned with profits and the wealth they will build, so they are fascinated to ideas where they can create residual or renewal income. Because they are looking to find well-timed moments, opportunistic entrepreneurs can be impulsive.


Innovators are those rare individuals that come up with a great doctrine or product that no one has thought of before. Think of Thomas Edison, Steve Jobs, and Mark Zuckerberg. These particulars worked on what they loved and found business opportunities through that.

Rather than focusing on moolah, innovators care more about the impact that their products and services have on society. These parties are not the best at running a business as they are idea-generating individuals, so often they leave the day-to-day operations to those more skilled in that respect.


These individuals are analytical and risk-averse. They have a strong skill set in a specific field obtained through education or apprenticeship. A specialist entrepreneur will build out their business through networking and referrals, dnouement developing in slower growth than a builder entrepreneur.

4 Types of Entrepreneurship

As there are different types of entrepreneurs, there are also opposite types of businesses they create. Below are the main different types of entrepreneurship.

Small Business Entrepreneurship

Paltry business entrepreneurship is the idea of opening a business without turning it into a large conglomerate or opening many trammels. A single-location restaurant, one grocery shop, or a retail shop to sell your handmade goods would all be an example of bantam business entrepreneurship.

These individuals usually invest their own money and succeed if their business turns a profit, which they flaming off of. They don’t have outside investors and will only take a loan if it helps continue the business.

Scalable Startup

These are partnerships that start with a unique idea; think Silicon Valley. The hopes are to innovate with a unique output or service and continue growing the company, continuously scaling up as time moves on. These types of companies often instruct investors and large amounts of capital to grow their idea and reach multiple markets.

Large Company

Beneficent company entrepreneurship is a new business division created within an existing company. The existing company may be well placed to ramify out into other sectors or it may be well placed to become involved in new technology.

CEOs of these companies either forecast a new market for the company or individuals within the company generate ideas that they bring to senior management to start the modify.

Social Entrepreneurship

The goal of social entrepreneurship is to create a benefit to society and humankind. They focus on helping communities or the situation through their products and services. They are not driven by profits but rather by helping the world around them.

Entrepreneurs and the Brevity

In economist-speak, an entrepreneur acts as a coordinating agent in a capitalist economy. This coordination takes the form of resources being change coursed toward new potential profit opportunities. The entrepreneur moves various resources, both tangible and intangible, promoting cap formation.

As of 2021, there are 32.5 million small businesses in the United States.

In a market full of uncertainty, it is the entrepreneur who can truly help clear up uncertainty, as they make judgments or assume the risk. To the extent that capitalism is a dynamic profit-and-loss set, entrepreneurs drive efficient discovery and consistently reveal knowledge.

Established firms face increased competition and questions from entrepreneurs, which often spurs them toward research and development efforts as well. In technical fiscal terms, the entrepreneur disrupts the course toward steady-state equilibrium.

How Entrepreneurship Helps Economies

Nurturing entrepreneurship can bring into the world a positive impact on an economy and a society in several ways. For starters, entrepreneurs create new businesses. They invent goods and navies, resulting in employment, and often create a ripple effect, resulting in more and more development. For example, after a few bumf technology companies began in India in the 1990s, businesses in associated industries, like call center operations and metal goods providers, began to develop too, offering support services and products.

Entrepreneurs add to the gross national income. Existing transactions may remain confined to their markets and eventually hit an income ceiling. But new products or technologies create new markets and new wealth. And waxed employment and higher earnings contribute to a nation’s tax base, enabling greater government spending on public projects.

Entrepreneurs make social change. They break tradition with unique inventions that reduce dependence on existing methods and combinations, sometimes rendering them obsolete. Smartphones and their apps, for example, have revolutionized work and play across the planet.

Entrepreneurs invest in community projects and help charities and other non-profit organizations, supporting causes beyond their own. Tally Gates, for example, has used his considerable wealth for education and public health initiatives.

Entrepreneurial Ecosystems

There is scrutinization that shows high levels of self-employment can stall economic development: Entrepreneurship, if not properly regulated, can lead to unfair hawk practices and corruption, and too many entrepreneurs can create income inequalities in society. Overall, though, entrepreneurship is a critical driver of alteration and economic growth. Therefore, fostering entrepreneurship is an important part of the economic growth strategies of many local and popular governments around the world.

To this end, governments commonly assist in the development of entrepreneurial ecosystems, which may include entrepreneurs themselves, government-sponsored benefit programs, and venture capitalists. They may also include non-government organizations, such as entrepreneurs’ associations, business incubators, and training programs.

For example, California’s Silicon Valley is often cited as an example of a well-functioning entrepreneurial ecosystem. The region has a well-developed put forward capital base, a large pool of well-educated talent, especially in technical fields, and a wide range of government and non-government programs patronizing new ventures and providing information and support to entrepreneurs.

Questions for Entrepreneurs

Embarking on the entrepreneurial career path to “being your own boss” is heady. But along with all your research, make sure to do your homework about yourself and your situation.

A Few Matters to Ask Yourself:

  • Do I have the personality, temperament, and mindset of taking on the world on my own terms?
  • Do I have the required ambiance and resources to commit all my time to my venture?
  • Do I have an exit plan ready with a clearly defined timeline in case my venture does not post?
  • Do I have a concrete plan for the next “x” number of months or will I face challenges midway due to family, financial, or other commitments? Do I from a mitigation plan for those challenges?
  • Do I have the required network to seek help and advice as needed?
  • Have I connected and built bridges with experienced mentors to learn from their expertise?
  • Have I prepared the rough plan of a complete risk assessment, including dependencies on external factors?
  • Have I realistically assessed the potential of my offering and how it want figure in the existing market?
  • If my offering is going to replace an existing product in the market, how will my competitors react?
  • To heed my offering secure, will it make sense to get a patent? Do I have the capacity to wait that long?
  • Have I specified my target customer base for the initial phase? Do I have scalability plans ready for larger markets?
  • Have I classified sales and distribution channels?

Questions That Delve into External Factors:

  • Does my entrepreneurial venture dispose of local regulations and laws? If not feasible locally, can I and should I relocate to another region?
  • How long does it take to get the life-and-death license or permissions from concerned authorities? Can I survive that long?
  • Do I have a plan about getting the sure resources and skilled employees, and have I made cost considerations for the same?
  • What are the tentative timelines for bringing the ahead prototype to market or for services to be operational?
  • Who are my primary customers?
  • Who are the funding sources I may need to approach to make this big? Is my risk good enough to convince potential stakeholders?
  • What technical infrastructure do I need?
  • Once the business is established, last wishes as I have sufficient funds to get resources and take it to the next level? Will other big firms copy my model and silence my operation?

Frequently Asked Questions About Entrepreneurship

What Does It Mean to Be an Entrepreneur?

An entrepreneur is an individual who carry ons the risk to start their own business based on an idea they have or a product they have created while faking most of the risks and reaping most of the rewards of the business.

What Is the Best Definition of Entrepreneurship?

Entrepreneurship is the process of context up a business, taking it from an idea to realization.

What Are the 4 Types of Entrepreneurs?

Small business, scalable startup, heavy-set company, and social.

What Are the 7 Characteristics of Entrepreneurs?

Versatile, resilient, flexible, money-savvy, business smart, focused, and communicators.

The Prat Line

An entrepreneur is an individual who takes an idea or product and creates a business, a process known as entrepreneurship. Creating a topic requires a lot of work and dedication, which not everyone is cut out for. Entrepreneurs are highly motivated risk-takers that have a vision and desist a lot to achieve that vision.

Entrepreneurs enter the market because they love what they do, believe their result will have a positive impact, and hope to make profits from their efforts. The steps entrepreneurs drink fuel the economy; they create businesses that employ people and make products and services that consumers buy.

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