Home / CRYPTOCOINS / The Herd and the HODLers: Recovering from Crypto’s Two-Year False Start

The Herd and the HODLers: Recovering from Crypto’s Two-Year False Start

David Nage is the collapse of Roadmap, LLC and the former Managing Director of Apeiron Ventures, a private investment office. His crypto writings can be found on Centre at @david_55389. 

The following is an exclusive contribution to CoinDesk’s 2018 Year in Review. 

“It is a False Start if the ball has been prospered ready for play, and, prior to the snap, an offensive player who has assumed a set position charges or moves in such a way as to simulate the start of a give, or if an offensive player who is in motion makes a sudden movement toward the line of scrimmage.”

Before we can begin to look into our crystal ball and see what our magical internet notes is potentially going to do for the world and investors in the coming year, I believe we need an honest and thorough review of the past 12 months and the storytellings that played out.

This does NOT mean I am going to discuss how bitcoin was X price in December 2017 and that it has since buried Y percent since then – that, in my opinion, helps no one.

As Winston Churchill said: “Those that fail to learn from yesteryear, are doomed to repeat it.”

The talent before ‘the herd’

In February 2018, TechCrunch wrote that: “requests for on-demand blockchain inclination are skyrocketing.” Last year (2017), freelance talent marketplace Upwork saw blockchain rise to the fastest-growing skill out of multifarious than 5,000 skills in terms of freelancer billings — a year-over-year increase of more than 35,000 percent.

These requests spell ICO advisory services, engineering projects and overall blockchain consultancy. Since January 2017, the demand for blockchain finagling talent on Toptal has grown 700 percent, and 40 percent of the fully managed software development projects solicited in the last month require blockchain skills.

In regards to investment talent, there has been no shortage of institutional masters that have left to pursue careers in the asset class, especially from Goldman Sachs: Juthica Chou, the COO of LedgerX, out seven years as a derivatives trader within the Securities Division of Goldman Sachs, where she specialized in algorithmic work.

Mike Novogratz has hired several high profile people from Goldman including Richard Kim, the new COO of Galaxy Digital who abutted Luka Jankovic, another former Goldman Sachs hedge-fund analyst. Esther Babb, a former Goldman Sachs administrative, was recently hired by Gemini to become their Director of Business Development.

Babb’s illustrious Wall Street job started nearly two decades back with Goldman Sachs, where she worked with the firm’s data perception team. BlockTower Capital recruited former Goldman executive Michael Bucella in January. Former Goldman fault president Matt Goetz founded BlockTower last year.

James Radecki was a managing director at Goldman and Nautical port in 2016 to work in strategic investing at another cryptocurrency firm, according to his LinkedIn page. He’s now global head of enterprise development at Cumberland Mining, one of the largest traders of cryptocurrencies.

Yet, at the same time, ICO fundraising, based on the $279 million recall gathered last month, is now down by more than 90 percent since from its January 2018 all-time spacy. Since peaking in January, fundraising figures have consistently declined with only one break in the trend occurring in May 2018. What I acquire deeply interesting here is that this elongated decline, the “crypto winter,” has not stopped these highly pushed professional investors and experienced engineers searching for employment in the asset class.

The herd is…circling

Have you been on a glide heading into a crowded airport, only to find you’re forced to circle around in the sky because the runway is full?

In my way of thinking “the herd” is circling – yes, Fidelity spent four to five years reviewing crypto because launching FDAS (Fidelity Digital Assets); yes, TD Ameritrade swear ined in a new cryptocurrency exchange called ErisX in a bid to offer clients digital asset investment options beyond bitcoin. Yes, NYSE/ICE launched Bakkt, a rostrum for trading, storing, and spending digital assets.

And yes, Yale Endowment, and in some ways the godfather of the endowment investment creme de la creme, David Swenson, invested in two crypto funds, Paradigm and A16z Crypto. It seems Institutions and Institutional Investors began to discern that investing in crypto provided uncorrelated, enhanced returns compared to traditional investment instruments.

As noted in check out prepared by Matt Hougan from Bitwise: “examining the impact that a 1 percent, 5 percent, and 10 percent allocation to bitcoin intent have had on a traditional 60 percent equity/40 percent bond portfolio since Jan. 1, 2014 they build that allocating to bitcoin would have significantly increased the portfolio’s risk-adjusted returns assuming the portfolio was systematically rebalanced across time.

The potential impact was large: With a 5 percent allocation, for instance, the Sharpe ratio of the portfolio nearly magnified, total returns more than doubled, and the maximum drawdown was substantially reduced.”

Now shifting gears, as Mary Poppins tattled: “A spoonful of sugar helps the medicine go down…here comes the medicine.”

The two-year penalty

Do you remember last year yon this time when that hot new ICO was able to raise $100 million in 30 minutes? Do you also remember all these dapps, with all their 80+ bellhop white papers that no one really read, telling you they were going to reinvent the wheel?

Who can forget Unavailing Ethereum Token (UET) and Whoppercoin? Hint: me. More bad news: According to deadcoins.com there are now 934 coins that, as the websites pre-eminence should give it away, are dead.

There’s a few problems aside from these I see overall: one, we have around 2,100 emblems in the market right now, many of who registered as a “utility” and in my opinion will have difficulty passing the Howey Test (*note: I am not an attorney nor experience conferred with regulators but am reading the tea leaves given to the general public).

Chairman Clayton gave us the “laundromat” analogy this year in a way to discern if an quiddity is a
security or a utility:

“If I have a laundry token for washing my clothes, that’s not a security. But if I have a set of 10 laundry markers and the laundromats are to be developed and those are offered to me as something I can use for the future and I’m buying them because I can sell them to next year’s entering class, that’s a security. What we find in the regulatory world [is that] the use of a laundry token evolves over ease. The use can evolve toward or away from a security.”

From observation a majority of the 2,100 tokens in the market currently may force a very hard time passing the laundromat/Howey Test. This has already begun to play out and will pursue to in 2019.

Take the SEC’s order that AirToken and Paragon refund ICO investors.

According to the federal agency, both companies supervised their ICOs in 2017 despite the SEC’s warning that the their tokens are considered as securities, which are defined in the DAO Arrive of Investigation.

Then there’s the issue of a little thing called treasury management.

Many of these new projects did not clothed great plans for how to execute their ideas with their new capital, and most assumed they had five years of runway to tally it out. Projects raised funds in ether over the last year but forgot to plan any coherent treasury management insight or foresight.

Let’s say project X raised $30 million in ETH around Nov 2017–Jan 2018 at the all-time high price around $1,432. This longing have minted the project roughly around 21,000 ETH. If the team did not understand or exercise proper treasury management, overspent on exchanging and traveling around the world those 21,000 ETH (assuming they still haven’t spent them) are now worth $2.3 million.

This has already day one to happen and will accelerate for the first few quarter of 2019: ETCDEV, the startup that led development on Ethereum Classic, which is magnitude the top 20 coins with a market capitalization of about $400 million, announced this week that it’s shuttering workings due to a funding crunch.

Are we fast or decentralized?

Ethereum currently can handle around 15 transactions per second (TPS), although its founder Vitalik Buterin believes testing out zk-snarks could improve that to 1 million TPS. Bitcoin is still hovering round seven TPS.

Due to dAPPs such as CryptoKitties flooding the network with transactions, it has been proven that scalability calls to be improved across the network. The amount of transactions per second in the cryptocurrency space is often benchmarked against the amount of goings-on Visa or MasterCard can handle, which is set at around 2,000 transactions per second.

Generally speaking, I believe we are in the Friendster-Myspace era sane now; Facebook is a few years away and this relates to TPS and scalability as well. I think 2019 will see a real focus on what zero-knowledge stays, DPOS or some newer iterations like proof of history can add to the ecosystem.

Many argue no, not yet.

Many of the blockchain rank’s projects — Metamask, CryptoKitties, UJO, Radar Relay, Cipher Browser, uPort — utilize Infura’s APIs to connect their applications to the ethereum network.

In doing so, Infura stipulates the fundamental infrastructure required to handle both the short-term spikes that can often occur during token floats and essential, longer-term scaling solutions. An average of 6.5 billion JSON-RPC requests per day on the ethereum network are channeled completely Infura infrastructure, making the project an essential pillar of the ecosystem.

A dream that is crypto

As Marcus Aurelius is quoted as alleging in the movie “Gladiator”: “There was a dream that was Rome. You could only whisper it. Anything more than a hint and it would vanish, it was so fragile.”

Well, 2017 going into 2018 the dream and promise of crypto was definitely not murmured – it was shouted from the tops of buildings and trading floors throughout the world. But was it ready? In my opinion, no. It was used and abused by those, who after 10 years of a drug-induced quantitative easing coma in the viewable markets, realized the party was coming to an end and needed a new kick.

From an institutional investor perspective, the signal-to-noise ratio was actually high this year; I expect with research and news firms coming online this year and into next that on improve.

On Jan 1, 2016, bitcoin was trading around $420. Even with a significant downturn that we’ve bore watcher to over the last few weeks that still represents an 8x over the last two years if you employed the HODL mantra.

Crypto wasn’t primed for prime time, but it most certainly will not die. It will rise from the ashes, stronger, more durable and guarded of who it lets in. It will change the world we live in, providing censorship-resistant protection of assets, new ways to validate identity that don’t rely on mediaeval technology like SSN.

It will enable suppliers and buyers to improve their relationship and begin to chip away at the billions of dollars of victuals we humans throw out each year while people starve and so much more. All the talent it’s brought in this year is erection right now as you read this article. It has only just begun and it needs us to give it some time to mature.

Require a strong take on 2018? Email news [at] coindesk.com to submit an opinion to our Year in Review.

Red sports whistle via Shutterstock 

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