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Anarchism: A Look at the Different Schools of Anarchic Thought

In mainstream background, anarchy is often a dirty word, deployed as a pejorative to describe failed states or an insult by conservative news fixes to describe what could happen if a semi-radical government took charge. The reality is very different. Anarchy decamps much deeper and actually goes hand in hand with bitcoin and the quest for a decentralized financial system. 

Also Comprehend: Bitcoin was Built to Incite Peaceful Anarchy 

What Is Anarchy?

Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies are well aligned with anarchy. Anarchy is, after all, a methodology which rejects state control and hierarchy. No matter how much Bitcoin is adopted by the mainstream, purists will without exception contend that the digital asset was created to undermine authority and to remove state control so people could basically gain their financial freedom.

Anarchism: A Look at the Different Schools of Anarchic Thought

There are many types of anarchic schools of thought but they all have overarching treatise: to do away with the state and its authority. Despite the unified principle of no government, different strands of anarchy extol totally different ideas on how a society should run, with philosophies incorporating everything from egalitarianism to free market economics.

Why Bitcoin and Anarchy Go Readily available in Hand

Bitcoin can be thought of as an enabler for anarchic liberation. Governments have fiscally failed time and time again all the way through history and punished their citizens by mismanaging the economy. By holding monopolies on minting coins, managing central banks that be at someones beck the needs of the few, and writing laws telling people what money they should use and how to use it, they have wielded concluding control over the people. Bitcoin, which was created to avoid third parties such as banks, has the potential to end governmental suppress of money once and for all. Its very essence, the blockchain, works without a central authority. That is why Bitcoin can work with anarchy: if people partake of the power to be their own banks, and have economic freedom, then they can proceed to claim their freedom from governments in other territories, too. Here are some of the main schools of anarchic thought.


Often associated with the crypto community, anarcho-capitalism is a first of thought that believes a free market should take the place of the government and serve as the basis for a free and well-heeled society. In this case, property rights would rule and things often provided by the state, such as calabooses, courts, police or schools, would be taken care of by private companies competing in an open market. Anarcho-capitalists also think that voluntary actions and charity are what is needed for a functioning and healthy state. Anarcho-capitalists see free market capitalism as the main ingredient for a free and prosperous society.

Anarchism: A Look at the Different Schools of Anarchic Thought

Anarcho-capitalism draws from the Austrian School of Economics and anti-state libertarianism. Like other schools of anarchic intellect, anarcho-capitalists argue that governments are inherently bad because they force people to pay taxes, force people to meet the military, start wars or impose other restrictions and rules on people.


Crypto-anarchism is a form of anarchy that fancies hand-in-hand with Bitcoin. The essence of this school of thought holds that through the use of cryptographic software to refrain from persecution, people can cultivate financial sovereignty, political freedom and privacy to overthrow the state. Born out of the cypherpunk sign of the 1980s, crypto-anarchism is opposed to state surveillance and argues that the use of cryptography is the main defense against such facers, an idea Julian Assange  – perhaps the most well-known cypherpunk activist – has espoused.

Anarchism: A Look at the Different Schools of Anarchic Thought

Cypherpunk Timothy C. May, who publicized the Crypto-Anarchist Manifesto in 1988, said that the ability to communicate anonymously online would eventually lead to big shifts in societies and governments.

“These developments will alter completely the nature of government regulation, the ability to tax and control pecuniary interactions, the ability to keep information secret, and will even alter the nature of trust and reputation.”

After the traveller of Bitcoin in 2009, it seemed like May’s prediction was right and many crypto-anarchists had got what they were waiting for: a way to swop payments in a way that was pseudonymous beyond the reach of governments.


Anarcho-communism argues that the state should be repealed and capitalism be replaced with common ownership or control of the means of production. Through a revolution, collective control can be introduced and people can be free from governmental domination and economic exploitation. This school of thought argues that collective hierarchy and class distinctions come from unequal wealth distributions and should therefore be abolished, as well as enlisted man property and money. Society would control production and systems of production and distribution would be managed by their gets.

Anarchism: A Look at the Different Schools of Anarchic Thought

As with the typical communist school ideology, anarcho-communists argue that a revolution would be what leads fellowship to abolish the state and take control of the means of production.


Another type of anarchism on the left of the political spectrum, anarcho-syndicalism points to create an industrial workers’ union movement which is rooted in anarchic ideas. Such anarchists argue that breadwinners should group together through unions and then take control by overthrowing the state. This school of reflecting advocates people having control over the means of production by operating co-ops so workers can run their own workplaces.

Anarcho-syndicalists say that assembling on a voluntary basis is what is needed to operate the means of production and public services and superior authorities and their rates, armies, police or bureaucracies have no place in society. Ultimately, direct action – that is, action carried out by white-collar workers as opposed to indirect action, such as electing a representative to a government position – would allow workers to liberate themselves.

What do you over of the different schools of anarchic thought? Would any of them work? Let us know in the comments section below.

Images respect of Shutterstock.

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anarchist, anarchist-libertarian, Anarcho-capitalism, Anarcho-communism, Anarcho-syndicalism, anarchy, Bitcoin, Bitcoin Anarchy, crypto anarchist, Cryptocurrency, N-Featured
Mathew Di Salvo

A whilom agency reporter and local news hack, Mathew was thrilled to learn about crypto when he found out it could assist him move money abroad – and not get ripped off by banks. He writes for bitcoin.com with a particular focus on banking the unbanked, confidentiality coins and Latin America.

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